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COMPARA corpus contents
version 6.2

22-Jun-2005

Quantitative summary of currently available texts
Text-pairs available
Previous versions


Quantitative summary of present corpus

Aligned texts Source texts Translations
Portuguese 34 26
English 24 35
Total 58 61

Alignment units
Portuguese to English direction 39217
English to Portuguese direction 44391
Total 83608

Words Source texts Translations Source texts & translations
Portuguese 543407 673589 1216996
English 686574 620815 1307389
Portuguese & English 1229981 1294404 2524385

Words/alignment unit Source texts Translations Source texts & translations
Portuguese 13.86 15.17 14.56
English 15.47 15.83 15.64
Portuguese & English 14.71 15.48 30.19

Types Source texts Translations Source texts & translations
Portuguese 1 1 73322
English 1 1 46253

Tokens Source texts Translations Source texts & translations
Portuguese 661203 797561 1458764
English 799323 724698 1523825
Portuguese & English 1460526 1522259 2982589

Type/token ratio Source texts Translations Source texts & translations
Portuguese 0.0000 0.0000 0.0602
English 0.0000 0.0000 0.0354

Translation notes Foreign words or expressions Named entities Titles Emphasis
Portuguese 116 1796 371 632 681
English 120 948 126 614 992
Total 236 2744 497 1246 1673

Language variety Words in Portuguese Words in English Alignment units Texts
United States 569856 528328 1383 26
Angola 2086 2151 91 1
Brazil 487100 524856 3111 25
United Kingdom 742559 713936 1124 30
Portugal 808559 834007 1124 31
Mozambique 20246 25026 758 2
South Africa 73625 75727 1038 3

Type of alignment in COMPARA

Type 1-1 1-1/2 1-2 1-0 1-3 1-1/3 1-1/4 1-4 1-5 1-1/5 1-6 1-8 1-7 1-9
Total 75243 3749 3291 402 371 361 69 66 23 15 10 4 3 1
% 89.99 4.48 3.94 0.48 0.44 0.43 0.08 0.08 0.03 0.02 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00
EBDL1T1 2014 50 60 17 2 6
EBDL1T2 2064 33 33 9 1 4 5
EBDL2 1438 16 11 6
EBDL3T1 1453 10 12 5 1
EBDL3T2 1423 30 27 1
EBDL4 1345 7 18 2 2 3
EBDL5 1799 63 126 16 8 1
EBDL6 2404 270 83 2 6 18 12 1
EBJB1 1174 12 9 4
EBJB2 1379 29 48 4 4 4
EBJC1 737 12 30 1
EBJT1 1886 122 30 23 2 11 4
EBJT2 2225 94 36 15 2 3
EBJT3 1627 161 40 15 19
EBKI1 4399 188 34 20 1 15 1
EBLC1 581 10 29 1
EBOW1 1645 50 26 9 6
ESNG1 627 12 33 2
ESNG2 1864 44 32 4 4 9
ESNG3 1010 4 19 4 1
EUEP1 725 73 41 1 9 3 1 2
EUHJ1 994 58 24 2
EUHJ2 446 75 98 5 9 8 3
EUHJ3 443 41 114 1 5 1 3
EURZ1 3226 236 44 9 1 9 8 2 5
EURZ2 2094 128 39 31 2 9
PAJA1 71 9 5 5 1
PBAA1 218 12 51 2 6 2 1
PBAA2 1616 105 245 5 62 14 4 7 2 1
PBAD1 1242 12 17 1 1
PBAD2 1407 17 9 1
PBCB1 433 2 7 1
PBJA1T1 209 4 4
PBJA1T2 188 6 20 3
PBMA1 673 6 128 1 30 3 1
PBMA2 361 7 106 7 24 1 2
PBMA3 654 3 21 2
PBMA4 771 9 111 10 1
PBMA5 1122 57 133 2 5 2 1
PBMA6 999 28 81 1 8 1
PBMAA1 342 29 105 23 2 1 1
PBMR1 1921 26 26 6
PBOL1 1258 16 3
PBPC1 707 33 17 15
PBPC2 1106 66 46 12 2 6
PBPM1 876 24 93 3 19 6 2 1 1
PBPM2 1434 22 209 3 40 16 4 6 3 1
PBRF1 2669 59 64 8 2 3 1
PBRF2 2801 123 123 32 15 12 1 3 1
PMMC1 715 30 9 4
PMMC2 1198 15 7 9
PPCC1 1143 30 28 6 2
PPCP1 469 132 147 42 16 64 14 7 3 5
PPEQ1 220 22 32 10 13 2 1
PPEQ2 1226 87 76 3 3 9 4 1
PPEQ3 297 31 23 4 1 3
PPJS1 2379 644 166 5 11 90 8 5
PPJSA1 724 19 28 3 1
PPMC1 1278 65 29 5 5 1
PPSC1 541 55 11 4 1 3
PPSC2 953 116 15 10 2 24 4


Text-pairs available

Publication dates in bold refer to first editions

PAJA1 Agualusa, José Eduardo

1992 A Feira dos Assombrados. Lisbon: Vega 1992, pp 11-17. Copyright Vega © 1992. Used by permission of José Eduardo Agualusa and Vega.
SOURCE: Portuguese, Angola; 2086 tokens, 1811 words, 924 types, 91 alignment units.

1994 Shadowtown translated by Richard Zenith. Prague: Trafika. Digital text by Richard Zenith. Used by permission of Trafika and Richard Zenith.
TRANSLATION: English, US; 2137 tokens, 1862 words, 848 types.

PBJA1T1 Alencar, José de

1865 Iracema http://www.bibvirt.futuro.usp.br/textos/autores/josedealencar/iracema/iracema.html , pp 1-12 [06/12/1999]. Corpus text extracted from digital text prepared by the Biblioteca Virtual do Estudante Brasileiro, based on 24th ed., São Paulo: Ática, 1991.
SOURCE: Portuguese, Brazil; 3744 tokens, 3199 words, 1248 types, 217 alignment units.

2000 Iracema translated by Clifford Landers. Corpus text based on New York: Oxford University Press, 2000, pp 1-17. Copyright © 2000 by Oxford University Press. Used by permission of Oxford University Press.
TRANSLATION: English, US; 4197 tokens, 3623 words, 1180 types.

PBJA1T2 Alencar, José de

1865 Iracema http://www.bibvirt.futuro.usp.br/textos/autores/josedealencar/iracema/iracema.html , pp 1-12 [06/12/1999]. Corpus text extracted from digital text prepared by the Biblioteca Virtual do Estudante Brasileiro, based on 24th ed., São Paulo: Ática, 1991.
SOURCE: Portuguese, Brazil; 3744 tokens, 3199 words, 1248 types, 217 alignment units.

1886 Iracema, the honey lips: a legend of Brazil translated by Lady Isabel Burton. Corpus text based on London: Bickers, 1886, pp 1-17.
TRANSLATION: English, UK; 4291 tokens, 3707 words, 1238 types.

PBMAA1 Almeida, Manuel Antônio de

1852 Memórias de um sargento de milícias http://www.bibvirt.futuro.usp.br/textos/autores/manuelantonio/sargento/sargento.html [08/08/2003], pp 76-101. Electronic version by Artur Araújo for the Biblioteca Virtual do Estudante Brasileiro, based on the 25th edition, São Paulo: Ática, 1996.
SOURCE: Portuguese, Brazil; 13221 tokens, 11278 words, 2922 types, 503 alignment units.

1999 Memoirs of a Militia Sergeant, edited by Thomas Holloway and translated by Ronald W. Sousa, pp 100-130. Copyright © 1999 Oxford University Press Inc. Used by permission of Oxford University Press.
TRANSLATION: English, USA; 15097 tokens, 12939 words, 2588 types.

PBAA1 Azevedo, Aluísio

1890 O Cortiço, http://www.bibvirt.futuro.usp.br/textos/autores/aluisioazevedo/cortico/cortico.html [06/12/1999].
SOURCE: Portuguese, Brazil; 8338 tokens, 7144 words, 2376 types, 292 alignment units.

2000 The slum: a novel translated by David Rosenthal. New York: Oxford University Press, pp 1-17. Copyright © 2000 by Oxford University Press. Used by permission of Oxford University Press, Inc.
TRANSLATION: English, US; 7445 tokens, 6416 words, 2027 types.

PBAA2 Azevedo, Aluísio

1881 O Mulato http://vbookstore.uol.com.br/nacional/aluisioazevedo/mulato.shtml [03/01/2004].
SOURCE: Portuguese, Brazil; 40255 tokens, 32659 words, 7625 types, 2061 alignment units.

1990 Mulatto translated by Graeme MacNicoll. Cranbury: Associated University Presses, pp 31-119. Copyright © 1990 AUP. Used by permission of Associated University Presses, Inc.
TRANSLATION: English, US; 43780 tokens, 37898 words, 6590 types.

EBJB1 Barnes, Julian

1984 Flaubert's parrot Corpus text based on London: Picador, 1985, pp 11-65. Copyright © 1984 by Julian Barnes. Used by permission of Julian Barnes.
SOURCE: English, UK; 21443 tokens, 18525 words, 4614 types. 1199 alignment units.

1988 O papagaio de Flaubert translated by Ana Maria Amador. Corpus text based on Lisboa: Queztal Editores, 1988, pp 11-74. Copyright © 1988 by Quetzal Editores. Used by permission of Quetzal Editores.
TRANSLATION: Portuguese, Portugal; 21047 tokens, 17833 words, 5014 types.

EBJB2 Barnes, Julian

1989 A History of the World in 10 ½ Chapters Corpus extract based on 1990 edition, London: Picador, pp. 3-80. Copyright © 1989 Julian Barnes. Used by permission of Julian Barnes.
SOURCE: English, UK; 31587 tokens, 28146 words, 5151 types. 1468 alignment units.

1990 A História do Mundo em 10 Capítulos e ½ translated by José Vieira de Lima. Lisboa: Quetzal, pp. 9-93. Copyright © 1989 Julian Barnes. Used by permission of Julian Barnes and Quetzal.
TRANSLATION: Portuguese, Portugal; 34616 tokens, 29934 words, 6718 types.

PBCB1 Buarque, Chico

1995 Benjamim São Paulo: Companhia das Letras, pp 9-52. Copyright © Chico Buarque 1995. Used by permission of Chico Buarque.
SOURCE: Portuguese, Brazil; 12123 tokens, 10598 words, 3513 types, 443 alignment units.

1997 Benjamin translated by Cliff Landers. London: Bloomsbury, pp 3-45. Copyright © Cliff Landers 1997. Used by permission of Cliff Landers.
TRANSLATION: English, UK; 13282 tokens, 11806 words, 3085 types.

PPCP1 Cardoso Pires, José

1983 Balada da Praia dos Cães Lisboa: Edições "O Jornal", pp 13-60. First published by Publicações Dom Quixote, 1982. Copyright © 1982 by José Cardoso Pires. Used by permission of Maria Edite Cardoso Pires.
SOURCE: Portuguese, Portugal; 17575 tokens, 14924 words, 4427 types, 899 alignment units.

1986 Ballad of Dog's Beach translated by Mary Fitton. London: John M. Dent, pp 5-38. Copyright © 1986 by John M. Dent. Used by permission of The Orion Publishing Group Ltd.
TRANSLATION: English, UK; 15453 tokens, 12897 words, 3906 types.

EBLC1 Carrol, Lewis

1871 Through the Looking Glass Corpus extract based on WWW Project Gutenberg 1994 lglass18.txt edition pp 7-18 & 24-33.
SOURCE: English, UK; 12972 tokens, 11072 words, 1633 types. 621 alignment units.

1977 Alice do Outro Lado do Espelho translated by Yolanda Artiaga, Nina Videira and Luís Lobo. Lisboa: Estampa, pp 25-47 & 63-79. Copyright © 1996 Estampa. Used by permission of Editorial Estampa.
TRANSLATION: Portuguese, Portugal; 12162 tokens, 9364 words, 2190 types.

PPMC1 Carvalho, Mário de

1994 Um deus passeando pela brisa da tarde Corpus text based on Lisboa: Caminho, 1995, pp 13-87. Copyright © 1994 Editorial Caminho. Used by permission of Editorial Caminho.
SOURCE: Portuguese, Portugal; 25096 tokens, 20840 words, 6464 types, 1383 alignment units.

1997 A god strolling in the cool of the evening translated by Gregory Rabassa. Corpus text based on London: Phoenix, 1999, pp 1-79. Copyright © 1997 by Lousiana StateUniversity Press. Used by permission of Lousiana StateUniversity Press.
TRANSLATION: English, US; 27097 tokens, 23532 words, 4894 types.

PPCC1 Castelo Branco, Camilo

1862 Amor de Perdição corpus extract taken from Obras integrais de Camilo Castelo Branco em CD-ROM. Projecto Vercial 2000, pp 60-92.
SOURCE: Portuguese, Portugal; 19162 tokens, 15685 words, 3963 types, 1209 alignment units.

2000 Doomed Love translated by Alice Clemente. Providence: Gávea Brown, pp 96-144. Copyright © 2000 Alice Clemente and Gávea-Brown Publications. Used by permission of Alice Clemente and Gávea-Brown Publications.
TRANSLATION: English, USA; 20410 tokens, 17132 words, 3012 types.

PBPC1 Coelho, Paulo

1988 O alquimista Corpus text based on Rio de Janeiro: Rocco, 2000, pp 21-79. Copyright © 1988 by Paulo Coelho. Used by permission of Paulo Coelho.
SOURCE: Portuguese, Brazil; 11742 tokens, 9933 words, 2241 types, 772 alignment units.

1993 The alquemist translated by Alan Clarke. Corpus text based on London: Thorsons, 1997, pp 3-50. Copyright © by Paulo Coelho & Alan Clarke. Used by permission of Paulo Coelho and Alan Clarke.
TRANSLATION: English, US; 13067 tokens, 11128 words, 1782 types.

PBPC2 Coelho, Paulo

1987 O Diário de um Mago Corpus text based on 2000 edition, Rio de Janeiro: Rocco, pp 163-233. Copyright © Paulo Coelho 1987. Used by permission of Paulo Coelho.
SOURCE: Portuguese, Brazil; 21243 tokens, 18347 words, 3864 types, 1238 alignment units.

1992 The Pilgrimage: a contemporary quest for ancient wisdom translated by Alan Clarke. Corpus text based on 1995 edition, New York: HarperCollins, pp 151-214. Copyright © Paulo Coelho and Alan Clarke 1992. Used by permission of Paulo Coelho and Alan Clarke.
TRANSLATION: English, USA; 23264 tokens, 20313 words, 3109 types.

EBJC1 Conrad, Joseph

1902 Heart of Darkness. http://www.gutenberg.net/etext96/hdark12a.txt Project Gutenberg, 1996, chapter 3.
SOURCE: English, UK; 14226 tokens, 12162 words, 2660 types. 780 alignment units.

1983 O Coração das Trevas. Translated by Aníbal Fernandes. Lisboa: Estampa, pp 95-131. Copyright © Editorial Estampa. Used by permission of Editorial Estampa.
TRANSLATION: Portuguese, Portugal; 13528 tokens, 11192 words, 3418 types.

PMMC1 Couto, Mia

1987 Vozes Anoitecidas. Lisboa: Editorial Caminho, pp 23-64. Copyright © Editorial Caminho 1987. Used by permission of Editorial Caminho
SOURCE: Portuguese, Mozambique; 7626 tokens, 6076 words, 2189 types, 758 alignment units.

1990 Voices Made Night translated by David Brookshaw. Oxford: Heinneman, pp 1-28. Copyright © 1990 by David Brookshaw. Used by permission of David Brookshaw .
TRANSLATION: English, UK; 9350 tokens, 8034 words, 1981 types.

PMMC2 Couto, Mia

1990 Cada Homem é uma Raça. Lisboa: Editorial Caminho, pp 11-68. Copyright © Editorial Caminho 1990. Used by permission of Editorial Caminho
SOURCE: Portuguese, Mozambique; 12621 tokens, 10166 words, 3361 types, 1229 alignment units.

1993 Every Man is a Race translated by David Brookshaw. Oxford: Heinneman, pp 1-37. Copyright © 1993 by David Brookshaw. Used by permission of David Brookshaw .
TRANSLATION: English, UK; 15026 tokens, 12789 words, 2786 types.

PBAD1 Dourado, Autran

1973 O Risco do Bordado Rio de Janeiro: Editora Expressão e Cultura, pp 13-68. Copyright © Autran Dourado 1970. Used by permission of Autran Dourado.
SOURCE: Portuguese, Brazil; 20250 tokens, 17130 words, 3784 types, 1273 alignment units.

1984 Pattern for a Tapestry translated by John Parker. London: Peter Owen, pp 13-54. Copyright © John M. Parker 1984. Used by permission of John Parker.
TRANSLATION: English, UK; 22346 tokens, 19288 words, 3372 types.

PBAD2 Dourado, Autran

1975 Os Sinos da Agonia Rio de Janeiro: Exped, pp.15-64. Copyright © Autran Dourado 1975. Used by permission of Autran Dourado.
SOURCE: Portuguese, Brazil; 28098 tokens, 23774 words, 5186 types, 1434 alignment units.

1988 The Bells of Agony translated by John Parker. London: Peter Owen, pp 13-65. Copyright © John M. Parker 1988. Used by permission of John Parker.
TRANSLATION: English, UK; 30795 tokens, 26494 words, 4518 types.

PPEQ1 Eça de Queirós, J. M.

1880 O mandarim http://www.ipn.pt/opsis/litera/queiros.htmpp 2-10 [10/12/1999]. Corpus text extracted from digital text prepared by Deolinda Cabrera for Projecto Vercial.
SOURCE: Portuguese, Portugal; 7350 tokens, 6000 words, 2497 types, 300 alignment units.

1993 The mandarinin The mandarin and other storiestranslated by Margaret Jull Costa. Corpus text based on Sawtry: Dedalus Ltd, 1993, pp 5-25. Used by permission of Margaret Jull Costa and Dedalus Press.
TRANSLATION: English, UK; 8213 tokens, 7262 words, 2418 types.

PPEQ2 Eça de Queirós, J.M.

1887 A Relíquia corpus extract taken from 1887 edition prepared by Deolinda Rodrigues Cabrera. for the Projecto Vercial. The orthography has been updated. Obras integrais de Eça de Queirós em CD-ROM. Projecto Vercial 1996 - 2003, pp 1-42.
SOURCE: Portuguese, Portugal; 30515 tokens, 24781 words, 6611 types, 1409 alignment units.

1994 The Relic translated by Margaret Jull Costa. Sawtry: Dedalus, pp 7-89. Copyright © 1994 Margaret Jull Costa. Used by permission of Margaret Jull Costa.
TRANSLATION: English, UK; 34054 tokens, 29858 words, 5499 types.

PPEQ3 Eça de Queirós, J.M.

1925 Alves e Companhia WWW: Projecto Vercial, http://www.ipn.pt/literatura/obrqueiros.htm, pp 3-13.
SOURCE: Portuguese, Portugal; 7337 tokens, 5950 words, 1987 types, 359 alignment units.

1993 The Yellow Sofa translated by John Vetch. Manchester: Carcanet, pp 7-31. Copyright © 1993 John Vetch. Used by permission of Carcanet Press in the name of the translator (deceased).
TRANSLATION: English, UK; 7813 tokens, 6745 words, 1835 types.

PBRF1 Fonseca, Rubem

1988 Vastas emoções e pensamentos imperfeitos São Paulo: Companhia das Letras,pp 7-102.Copyright © Rubem Fonseca. Used by permission of Rubem Fonseca.
SOURCE: Portuguese, Brazil; 34658 tokens, 27452 words, 5881 types, 2806 alignment units.

1997 The lost manuscript translated by Clifford Landers. London: Bloomsbury, pp 3-107. Copyright © 1997 by Clifford Landers. Used by permission of Clifford Landers.
TRANSLATION: English, US; 36086 tokens, 31101 words, 4772 types.

PBRF2 Fonseca, Rubem

1983 A Grande Arte. Corpus text based on 1987 edition. Rio De Janeiro: Livraria Francisco Alves Editora, pp 7-100. Copyright Rubem Fonseca. Used by permission of Rubem Fonseca.
SOURCE: Portuguese, Brazil; 39126 tokens, 31056 words, 7155 types, 3111 alignment units.

1987 High Art. Translated by Ellen Watson. London: Collins pp 3-111. Copyright Ellen Watson. Used by permission of Ellen Watson.
TRANSLATION: English, US; 41769 tokens, 33629 words, 6122 types.

ESNG1 Gordimer, Nadine

1990 My son's story Corpus text extracted from digital text prepared by the ENPC based on London: Penguin, 1991, pp 3-46. Copyright © 1990 Nadine Gordimer. Used by permission of Nadine Gordimer.
SOURCE: English, South Africa; 15933 tokens, 14027 words, 3049 types. 674 alignment units.

1992 A história do meu filho translated by Geraldo Galvão Ferraz. Corpus text extracted from digital text prepared by the ENPC based on São Paulo: Editora Siciliano, 1992, pp 11-49. Copyright © 1992 Siciliano. Used by permission of Editora Siciliano.
TRANSLATION: Portuguese, Brazil; 15039 tokens, 12998 words, 3595 types.

ESNG2 Gordimer, Nadine

1979 Burger's Daughter Corpus text based on Penguin 1981 edition, pp 14-108.
SOURCE: English, South Africa; 40323 tokens, 35212 words, 6230 types. 1957 alignment units.

1992 A filha de Burger translated by J.Teixeira de Aguilar. Porto: Asa, pp 17-155. Copyright © 1992 Edições Asa. Used by permission of Edições Asa.
TRANSLATION: Portuguese, Portugal; 42638 tokens, 37185 words, 8112 types.

ESNG3 Gordimer, Nadine

1981 July's People. Corpus extract based on 1992 Curley large print edition, pp 103-162. Copyright © Nadine Gordimer 1981. Used by permission of Nadine Gordimer.
SOURCE: English, South Africa; 17154 tokens, 14517 words, 3183 types. 1038 alignment units.

1986 A Gente de July. Translated by Paula Reis. Lisboa: Teorema, pp 112-176. Copyright © Teorema. Used by permission of Teorema.
TRANSLATION: Portuguese, Portugal; 18064 tokens, 15052 words, 4170 types.

EBKI1 Ishiguro, Kazuo

1995 The Unconsoled. London: Faber & Faber (1996), pp. 377-535. Copyright © Kazuo Ishiguro 1995. Used by permission of Kazuo Ishiguro.
SOURCE: English, UK; 71910 tokens, 62736 words, 5287 types. 4658 alignment units.

1995 Os Inconsolados. translated by Fernanda Pinto Rodrigues. Lisboa: Gradiva, pp. 304-425. Portuguese rights by Gradiva. Used by permission of Gradiva.
TRANSLATION: Portuguese, Portugal; 69192 tokens, 58352 words, 8129 types.

EUHJ1 James, Henry

1880 Washington Square, http://www.ibiblio.org/gutenberg/etext01/wassq10.txt, Project Gutenberg, 2001, pp 6-43.
SOURCE: English, USA; 23431 tokens, 19339 words, 3012 types. 1078 alignment units.

1990 A Herdeira translated by M. F. Gonçalves de Azevedo. Lisboa: Editorial Estampa, pp 7-77. Copyright © 1990 Editorial Estampa. Used by permission of Editorial Estampa.
TRANSLATION: Portuguese, Portugal; 21272 tokens, 17842 words, 3882 types.

EUHJ2 James, Henry

1895 The Altar of the Dead WWW: Project Gutenberg, etext96/altdd10.txt, 2002, pp 1-25.
SOURCE: English, USA; 16702 tokens, 14969 words, 2611 types. 644 alignment units.

1978 O Altar dos Mortos translated by Manuel João Gomes. Lisboa: Editorial Estampa, pp 225-276. Copyright © 1978 Editorial Estampa. Used by permission of Editorial Estampa.
TRANSLATION: Portuguese, Portugal; 16633 tokens, 14372 words, 3574 types.

EUHJ3 James, Henry

1893 Nona Vincent WWW: Project Gutenberg, etext01/nonav10.txt, 2001.
SOURCE: English, USA; 14533 tokens, 12718 words, 2343 types. 608 alignment units.

1978 Nona Vincent translated by Manuel João Gomes. Lisboa: Editorial Estampa, pp 107-150. Copyright © 1978 Editorial Estampa. Used by permission of Editorial Estampa.
TRANSLATION: Portuguese, Portugal; 13848 tokens, 11559 words, 3197 types.

PBOL1 Lins, Osman

1966 Nove, Novena. São Paulo: Livraria Martins Editora, pp 9-83. Copyright © 1966 Osman Lins. Used by permission of next of kin.
SOURCE: Portuguese, Brazil; 22158 tokens, 17807 words, 5435 types, 1277 alignment units.

1995 Nine, Novena. Translated by Adria Frizzi. Los Angeles: Sun & Moon Press, pp 25-106. Copyright © 1995 by Adria Frizzi. Used by permission of Adria Frizzi.
TRANSLATION: English, US; 24326 tokens, 20463 words, 4237 types.

EBDL1T1 Lodge, David

1995 Therapy London: Secker & Warburg, pp 3-97. Copyright © 1995 David Lodge. Used by permission of David Lodge. (Revised version by the COMPARA team, February 2003.)
SOURCE: English, UK; 43744 tokens, 37665 words, 6877 types. 2149 alignment units.

1995 Terapia translated by Maria do Carmo Figueira. Lisboa: Gradiva, pp 11-88. Copyright © 1995 Gradiva Publicações, Lda. Used by permission of Gradiva Publicações, Lda.
TRANSLATION: Portuguese, Portugal; 45181 tokens, 39001 words, 7916 types.

EBDL1T2 Lodge, David

1995 Therapy London: Secker & Warburg, pp 3-97. Copyright © 1995 David Lodge. Used by permission of David Lodge. (Revised version by the COMPARA team, February 2003.)
SOURCE: English, UK; 43744 tokens, 37665 words, 6877 types. 2149 alignment units.

1997 Terapia translated by Lídia Cavalcante-Luther. São Paulo: Scipione, pp 11-115. Copyright © 1997 Scipione. Used by permission of Editora Scipione.
TRANSLATION: Portuguese, Brazil; 45201 tokens, 39114 words, 7531 types.

EBDL2 Lodge, David

1989 Nice Work London: Penguin, pp 13-89. Copyright © 1988 by David Lodge. Used by permission of David Lodge.
SOURCE: English, UK; 28179 tokens, 24547 words, 5921 types. 1471 alignment units.

1996 Um almoço nunca é de graça. Translated by Maria Carlota Pracana. Lisboa: Gradiva, pp 13-67. Copyright © Gradiva Publicações, Lda. Used by permission of Gradiva Publicações, Lda.
TRANSLATION: Portuguese, Portugal; 29031 tokens, 24455 words, 6435 types.

EBDL3T1 Lodge, David

1975 Changing PlacesLondon: Secker & Warburg, pp 3-71. Copyright © David Lodge 1975. Used by permission of David Lodge.
SOURCE: English, UK; 30208 tokens, 25489 words, 6052 types. 1481 alignment units.

1995 A Troca translated by Helena Cardoso. Porto: Edições Asa, pp 9-67. Copyright © 1995 Edições Asa. Used by permission of Edições Asa.
TRANSLATION: Portuguese, Portugal; 29325 tokens, 24337 words, 6593 types.

EBDL3T2 Lodge, David

1975 Changing PlacesLondon: Secker & Warburg, pp 3-71. Copyright © David Lodge 1975. Used by permission of David Lodge.
SOURCE: English, UK; 30208 tokens, 25489 words, 6052 types. 1481 alignment units.

1998 Invertendo os Papéis translated by Lídia Luther-Cavalcante. São Paulo: Scipione, pp 15-93. Copyright © 1998 Scipione. Used by permission of Scipione.
TRANSLATION: Portuguese, Brazil; 30893 tokens, 26269 words, 6320 types.

EBDL4 Lodge, David

1980 How Far Can You Go? London: Secker & Warburg, pp 1-72. Copyright © David Lodge 1980. Used by permission of David Lodge.
SOURCE: English, UK; 34253 tokens, 29425 words, 5902 types. 1377 alignment units.

1997 Até Onde se Pode Ir?. Translated by Helena Cardoso. Lisboa: Gradiva, pp 9-74. Copyright © Gradiva Publicações. Used by permission of Gradiva Publicações.
TRANSLATION: Portuguese, Portugal; 32436 tokens, 27621 words, 6706 types.

EBDL5 Lodge, David

1991 Paradise News. Corpus text based on Penguin 1992 edition, pp 3-97. Copyright © David Lodge 1991. Used by permission of David Lodge.
SOURCE: English, UK; 31914 tokens, 27517 words, 5375 types. 2013 alignment units.

1992 Notícias do Paraíso. Translated by Carlos Grifo Babo. Lisboa: Gradiva, pp 11-91. Copyright © Gradiva Publicações. Used by permission of Gradiva Publicações.
TRANSLATION: Portuguese, Portugal; 34132 tokens, 28197 words, 6489 types.

EBDL6 Lodge, David

1984 Small World. London: Penguin (1985), pp. 231-333. Copyright © David Lodge 1984. Used by permission of David Lodge.
SOURCE: English, UK; 48236 tokens, 39732 words, 7465 types. 2796 alignment units.

1996 O Mundo é Pequeno. translated by Lucinda Santos Silva. Porto: Edições Asa, pp 251-355. Portuguese rights by Edições Asa. Used by permission of Edições Asa.
TRANSLATION: Portuguese, Portugal; 50721 tokens, 43083 words, 8909 types.

PBMA1 Machado de Assis, Joaquim

1886 Quincas Borba http://www.bibvirt.futuro.usp.br/textos/autores/machadodeassis/quincasborba/quincasborba.html pp 1-21 [06/12/1999] Corpus text extracted from digital text prepared by Núcleo de Pesquisas em Informática, Literatura e Lingüística da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, based on Obra Completa, by Machado de Assis, vol. I, Nova Aguilar, Rio de Janeiro, 1994.
SOURCE: Portuguese, Brazil; 13812 tokens, 11138 words, 3178 types, 842 alignment units.

1998 Quincas Borba edited by Celso Favaretto and David T. Haberly; translated by Gregory Rabassa. Corpus text based on New York: Oxford University Press 1998, pp 5-45. Copyright © 1998 by Oxford University Press Inc. Used by permission of Oxford University Press, Inc.
TRANSLATION: English, US; 15778 tokens, 13216 words, 2663 types.

PBMA2 Machado de Assis, Joaquim

1881 Memórias póstumas de Brás Cubas http://www.bibvirt.futuro.usp.br/textos/autores/machadodeassis/brascubas/cubas.html pp 1-24 [06/12/1999]. Corpus text extracted from digital text prepared by Renato Lima for Virtual bookstore, livros e literatura.
SOURCE: Portuguese, Brazil; 12431 tokens, 10217 words, 3388 types, 508 alignment units.

1998 The posthumous Memoirs of Brás Cubas translated by Gregory Rabassa. Corpus text based on New York: Oxford University Press, 1998, pp 5-34. Copyright © 1998 by Oxford University Press Inc. Used by permission of Oxford University Press, Inc.
TRANSLATION: English, US; 13365 tokens, 11466 words, 2937 types.

PBMA3 Machado de Assis, Joaquim

1899 Dom Casmurro http://www.bibvirt.futuro.usp.br/textos/autores/machadodeassis/dcasmurro/dcasmurro.html pp 1-18 [06/12/1999]. Corpus text extracted from digital text prepared by Núcleo de Pesquisas em Informática, Literatura e Lingüística da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina.
SOURCE: Portuguese, Brazil; 12061 tokens, 9902 words, 2988 types, 680 alignment units.

1997 Dom Casmurro translated by John Gledson. Corpus text based on New York: Oxford University Press, 1997, pp 3-39. Copyright © 1997 by Oxford University Press Inc. Used by permission of Oxford University Press, Inc.
TRANSLATION: English, US; 14075 tokens, 11825 words, 2561 types.

PBMA4 Machado de Assis, Joaquim

1904 Esaú e Jacó http://www.bibvirt.futuro.usp.br/textos/autores/machadodeassis/esauejaco/esauejaco.html [08/08/2003], pp 147-149. Electronic edition based on Obra Completa, de Machado de Assis, vol. I, Nova Aguilar, Rio de Janeiro, 1994, by the Núcleo de Pesquisas em Informática, Literatura e Lingüística da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina.
SOURCE: Portuguese, Brazil; 15344 tokens, 12733 words, 3439 types, 902 alignment units.

2000 Esau and Jacob, translated by Elizabeth Lowe and edited by Dain Borges, New York: Oxford University Press, pp 200-245. Copyright © 2000 Oxford University Press Inc. Used by permission of Oxford University Press Inc.
TRANSLATION: English, US; 17405 tokens, 15068 words, 2798 types.

PBMA5 Machado de Assis, Joaquim

1876 Helena http://www.bibvirt.futuro.usp.br/textos/autores/machadodeassis/helena/helena.html [08/08/2003]. Electronic edition by Costa Flosi Ltda. for Biblioteca Virtual da Prefeitura de Ribeirao Preto, pp 118-174.
SOURCE: Portuguese, Brazil; 22516 tokens, 18761 words, 4555 types, 1322 alignment units.

1984 Helena: a novel translated by Helen Caldwell. Berkeley, los Angeles and London: University of California Press, pp 134-197. Copyright © 1984 by the Regents of the University of California. Used by permission of the Regents of the University of California.
TRANSLATION: English, USA; 25195 tokens, 22199 words, 3660 types.

PBMA6 Machado de Assis, Joaquim

1908 Memorial de Aires. http://www.bibvirt.futuro.usp.br/textos/autores/machadodeassis/memorial/ [22/04/2005], pp 1-29.
SOURCE: Portuguese, Brazil; 20511 tokens, 17476 words, 3906 types, 1118 alignment units.

1972 Counselor Ayres' Memorial. translated by Helen Caldwell. Berkeley: University of California Press, pp 9-71. Copyright © The Regents of the University of California. Used by permission of The Regents of the University of California.
TRANSLATION: English, US; 24053 tokens, 20817 words, 3311 types.

PBPM1 Melo, Patrícia

1998 O elogio da mentira Corpus text based on São Paulo: Companhia das Letras, 1998, pp 11-61. Copyright © 1998 by Patrícia Melo. Used by permission of Patrícia Melo.
SOURCE: Portuguese, Brazil; 15163 tokens, 12403 words, 3457 types, 1025 alignment units.

1999 In praise of lies translated by Clifford Landers. Corpus extract based on London: Bloomsbury, 1999, pp 1-53. Copyright © 1999 by Clifford Landers. Used by permission of Clifford Landers.
TRANSLATION: English, US; 16688 tokens, 14210 words, 2957 types.

PBPM2 Melo, Patrícia

1995 O Matador. São Paulo: Companhia das Letras, pp 9-71. Copyright 1995 by Patrícia Melo. Used by permission of Patrícia Melo.
SOURCE: Portuguese, Brazil; 23176 tokens, 18883 words, 3989 types, 1738 alignment units.

1998 The Killer translated by Clifford Landers. London: Bloomsbury, pp 3-71. Copyright 1997 by Clifford Landers. Used by permission of Clifford Landers.
TRANSLATION: English, US; 24655 tokens, 20481 words, 3308 types.

EUEP1 Poe, Edgar Allan

1837 The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym of Nantucket, Corpus extract based on WWW Project Gutenberg 2000, etext00/poe3v11.txt edition, pp. 12-43.
SOURCE: English, USA; 27593 tokens, 24412 words, 3666 types. 855 alignment units.

1988 Aventuras de Arthur Gordon Pym, translated by Eduardo Guerra Carneiro. Lisboa: Estampa, pp. 25-95. Copyright © 1988 Estampa. Used by permission of Editorial Estampa.
TRANSLATION: Portuguese, Portugal; 25193 tokens, 22123 words, 4883 types.

PBMR1 Rey, Marcos

1986 Memórias de um Gigolô. São Paulo: Ática Editorial, pp 159-224. Copyright Ática Editorial. Used by permission of Ática Editorial. http://www.marcosrey.com.br.
SOURCE: Portuguese, Brazil; 22846 tokens, 18479 words, 5363 types, 1979 alignment units.

1987 Memoirs of a Gigolo translated by Clifford Landers. New York: Avon pp 155-217. Copyright Clifford Landers. Used by permission of Clifford Landers.
TRANSLATION: English, US; 26409 tokens, 21669 words, 4366 types.

PPSC1 Sá-Carneiro, Mário de

1914 A confissão de Lúcio http://www.ipn.pt/opsis/litera/carneiro.htm pp 2-19 [10/12/1999]. Corpus text extracted from digital text prepared by Deolinda Cabrera for Projecto Vercial, based on orthographically updated 1st edition, Lisbon, 1914.
SOURCE: Portuguese, Portugal; 10402 tokens, 8243 words, 2796 types, 615 alignment units.

1993 Lucio's confession translated by Margaret Jull Costa. Corpus text based on Sawtry: Dedalus Ltd, 1993, pp 19-50. Copyright © 1993 by Dedalus Ltd. Used by permission of Dedalus Ltd.
TRANSLATION: English, UK; 11441 tokens, 9792 words, 2427 types.

PPSC2 Sá-Carneiro, Mário de

1915 A Grande sombra electronic version obtained from Obras completas de Sá-Carneiro, vol. 3 "Céu em fogo", 2nd edition, 1956. Lisboa: Editora Ática, pp 39-123. Updated orthography.
SOURCE: Portuguese, Portugal; 17711 tokens, 13643 words, 4299 types, 1124 alignment units.

1996 The Great Shadow (and other stories) translated by Margaret Jull Costa. Sawtry: Dedalus, pp 15-74. Copyright © Margaret Jull Costa. Used by permission of Margaret Jull Costa and Dedalus Press.
TRANSLATION: English, UK; 18526 tokens, 15712 words, 3462 types.

PPJSA1 Saramago, José

1995 Ensaio Sobre a Cegueira Lisboa: Caminho, pp. 11-98. Copyright © José Saramago and Editorial Caminho 1995. Used by permission of Editorial Caminho.
SOURCE: Portuguese, Portugal; 34436 tokens, 29236 words, 5863 types, 775 alignment units.

P>1997 Blindness translated by Giovanni Pontiero. Corpus text based on 1999 edition, London: Harvill Press, pp 3-90. Copyright © Professor Juan Sager, 1997. Used by permission of Juan Sager.
TRANSLATION: English, UK; 38107 tokens, 33276 words, 4262 types.

PPJS1 Sena, Jorge de

1978 Sinais de Fogo Lisboa: Edições 70, Lda., pp 25-136. Copyright © Mécia de Sena and Edições 70. Used by permission of Mécia de Sena and Edições 70.
SOURCE: Portuguese, Portugal; 52726 tokens, 42484 words, 7669 types, 3308 alignment units.

1999 Signs of Fire translated by John Byrne. Manchester: Carcanet Press, pp 1-115. Copyright © 1999 John Byrne (deceased). Used by permission of Carcanet Press.
TRANSLATION: English, UK; 59703 tokens, 52168 words, 5679 types.

EBJT1 Trollope, Joanna

1996 Next of kin Corpus text based on London: Black Swan, 1997, pp 7-87. Copyright © 1996 Joanna Trollope. Used by permission of Joanna Trollope.
SOURCE: English, UK; 32483 tokens, 28105 words, 4588 types. 2078 alignment units.

1998 Parentes próximos translated by Ana Falcão Bastos. Lisboa: Gradiva, 1998, pp 7-77. Copyright © 1998 Gradiva Publicações, Lda. Used by permission of Gradiva Publicações, Lda.
TRANSLATION: Portuguese, Portugal; 32670 tokens, 27237 words, 5708 types.

EBJT2 Trollope, Joanna

1993 A Spanish Lover London: Bloomsbury pp 223-313. Copyright © 1993 Joanna Trollope. Used by permission of Joanna Trollope.
SOURCE: English, UK; 37370 tokens, 32302 words, 4494 types. 2375 alignment units.

1999 Um Amante Espanhol translated by Ana Falcão Bastos. Lisboa: Gradiva, pp 223-310. Copyright © 1993 Joanna Trollope, Portuguese translation: Gradiva Publicações. Used by permission of Gradiva Publicações.
TRANSLATION: Portuguese, Portugal; 36072 tokens, 29722 words, 5689 types.

EBJT3 Trollope, Joanna

1995 The Best of Friends London: Black Swan, pp. 7-87. Copyright © 1995 Joanna Trollope. Used by permission of Joanna Trollope.
SOURCE: English, UK; 27827 tokens, 23956 words, 4303 types. 1862 alignment units.

1998 Melhores Amigos translated by Ana Falcão Bastos. Lisboa: Gradiva, pp 7-75. Copyright © 1995 Joanna Trollope, Portuguese translation: Gradiva Publicações. Used by permission of Gradiva Publicações.
TRANSLATION: Portuguese, Portugal; 27964 tokens, 23169 words, 5329 types.

EBOW1 Wilde, Oscar

1890 The Picture of Dorian Gray http://www.ibiblio.org/gutenberg/etext94/dgray10.txt. Project Gutenberg, 1994, chapters 8-20.
SOURCE: English, UK; 29961 tokens, 25652 words, 4195 types. 1736 alignment units.

1990 O Retrato de Dorian Gray translated by Januário Leite. Lisboa: Estampa, pp 115-194. Copyright © 1990 Editorial Estampa. Used by permission of Editorial Estampa.
TRANSLATION: Portuguese, Portugal; 27338 tokens, 22990 words, 5758 types.

EURZ1 Zimler, Richard

1998 The Last Kabbalist of Lisbon Corpus extract based on 1998 edition, London: Arcadia Books Ltd. pp 7 & 205-295 & 315-318. Copyright © Richard Zimler 1998. Used by permission of Richard Zimler.
SOURCE: English, USA; 44145 tokens, 36045 words, 5805 types. 3540 alignment units.

1996 O Último Cabalista de Lisboa translated by José Lima. Lisboa: Quetzal Editores, pp 17-20 & 205-294. Copyright © 1996 Queztal. Used by permission of Quetzal Editores.
TRANSLATION: Portuguese, Portugal; 44957 tokens, 37270 words, 7483 types.

EURZ2 Zimler, Richard

2000 Angelic Darkness Corpus extract based London: Arcadia, pp. 19-39, 70-86, 98-116, 170-192. Copyright © Richard Zimler 1999. Used by permission of Richard Zimler.
SOURCE: English, USA; 29244 tokens, 25150 words, 4179 types. 2303 alignment units.

1998 Trevas da Luz translated by José Lima. Lisboa: Quetzal, pp. 19-36, 53-69, 79-96, 140-162. Copyright © 1998 Richard Zimler and Quetzal. Used by permission of Richard Zimler and Quetzal. This translation is based on an earlier version of the published English edition.
TRANSLATION: Portuguese, Portugal; 28408 tokens, 23318 words, 5484 types.


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