ICLPCP and participle groups
With just one argument, the word class distinguishes between clause or group. If there is a verbal constituent, a clause should be considered. If not, a group. Some examples:
C150-4 Quadros falsos descobertos em Paris ( descobertos em Paris is an infinite clause).
Quadros de Rembrant descobertos em Paris (de Rembrant forms a group, as there is no verbal constituent. Therefore, the structure H: prep and P<:prop is applied and a prepositional group is formed).
How to distinguish verbal groups from clauses, since both possess verbs?
In this respect one must take in consideration the different levels. Under a clause you may have groups or clauses. The predicate under a finite clause at the top level will form a group (if it is complex (sequence of auxiliary and main verb)). Dependents (N<; P<; N<PRED) are likely to form other clauses under the top level clause, and being a clause it follows the same principles:
A jovem, que
acena da janela, foi uma conhecida atriz. ('que acena da janela', N</N<PRED:fcl)
Taking the following sentence:
Vi o João a sair / saindo do carro.
In this case, there are two possibilities, not in terms
of group/clause but the syntactic function the clause holds.
Another view point was to consider 'o João a sair do carro' as a unit, and all of it holding the syntactic function of direct object, being 'o João' , the subject of sair:
Still the level of the icl is the same, the syntactic