C165-6: As duas primeiras
fraquejam e Miguel vai logo buscar outra.
How to determine the morphologic tag of the word jovens?
Apparently, we might be tempted to consider it immediately a noun for the following reasons:
1. it can be modified by adjectives and numerals (duas
However, the same word can also belong to the morphological
word class of the adjectives.
(1) As duas primeiras moças jovens fraquejam.
jovens is undoubtedly an adjective (fulfiling the adjective-noun agreement in gender and number).
The reason why there can be a word belonging to different
morphological classes has to do, in this case (adjective and noun) to the
fact that some sufixes like [nte] produce adjectives and nouns (ex: resistente,
(2) jovem [adj] ---------- jovem [n]
but the reverse is not true:
---------- mulher [n]
However, there are many cases where this one to one relation does not occur. For instance, take the case of quente:
(3) A adesão da Câmara Municipal à
comunidade portuária de Aveiro foi um dos pontos mais quentes da
noite (...) -
No question as to consider quente an adjective. However, it does not fit into a nominal reading (like, for instance, its antonym frio would):
(4) *O quente é pouco tolerado por muita gente. (should be o calor)
(5) O frio é geralmente pouco tolerado.
And even frio, with both nominal and adjectival readings,
would not completely fulfil the semantics either.
So, when the nominalised adjective implies a noun-head,
the tag <n> was added. On the other hand, the adjectives that
in the nominal form are abstract concepts (not implying, therefore, a noun-head),
are lexicalised as nouns.
Syntactically, the introduction of the tag <n> will help to determine the Head of the noun phrase, especially in the case where two adjectives occur, as in the following example:
(3) O velho simpático é feliz.
In this case velho would have the secondary tag <n>, which would be sufficient to consider it the HEAD of the np and simpático the post modifier (N<).
Another example can be found in sentence C142-1.